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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

不同林龄巨尾桉的灰分含量和热值

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2011年01期
页码:
75-80
栏目:
植物生态学与生物地理学
出版日期:
2011-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ash contents and caloric values of Eucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla in different stand ages
作者:
周群英1 陈少雄1 韩斐扬1 陈文平2
1.国家林业局 桉树研究开发中心, 广东 湛江 524022; 2.中国国营林场开发总公司 国营雷州林业局, 广东 遂溪 524348
Author(s):
ZHOU Qun-Ying1 CHEN Shao-Xiong1 HAN Fei-Yang1 CHEN Wen-Ping2
1.China Eucalypt Research Centre, Zhanjiang 524022, China; 2.Leizhou Forestry Bureau of Chinese General Development Corporation of Stateowned Forest Farm, Suixi 524248, China
关键词:
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Keywords:
stand ageEucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla ash content colaric value
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
采用热量仪和马福炉对1~4年生4个不同林龄阶段巨尾桉的叶、枝、根、干、皮5个部位进行灰分含量和热值测定,结果表明:不同林龄巨尾桉其5个部位的平均灰分含量在(0.42±0.14)%~(4.43±1.35)%之间,以皮的最高、干的最低,各部位灰分含量的大小排列顺序无一相同且无明显的规律可循,除根外,叶、枝、干、皮在林分4个林龄阶段的灰分含量差异均显著(P<0.05);部位平均干重热值与去灰分热值在(17.24±031)~(20.58±0.34)kJ?g-1与(18.04±0.22)~(21.44±0.37)kJ?g-1之间;在巨尾桉不同林龄阶段,各部位干重热值和去灰分热值的分布规律不明显,但均以叶的值最高、皮的最低,叶、枝、根的干重热值及叶、根、皮的去灰分热值无显著差异(P>0.05),而干、皮的干重热值及枝、干的去灰分热值差异显著(P<0.05)。就植株个体而言,4年生巨尾桉灰分含量最高,为2.79%,干重热值与去灰分热值均以2年生最高,分别为19.06 kJ?g-1和19.53 kJ?g-1,但不同林龄植株的灰分含量和热值均无显著差异(P>0.05)。
Abstract:
Ash contents and caloric values of leaves,branches,roots,stemwood and bark of 14 years old Eucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla were determined by using calorimeter and muffle furnace. The results showed that the ash contents of five parts ranged from (0.42±0.14)% to (4.43±1.35)% with the highest in bark and the lowest in stemwood,the decreasing orders of them at different stand ages were not in the same way and were irregular,there were significant different in ash contents of leaves,branches,stemwood and bark except roots at four stand ages(P<0.05). Mean gross caloric values (GCV) and ash free caloric values (AFCV) of different parts ranged from (17.24±0.31) to (20.58±0.34)kJ?g1 and (18.04±0.22) to (21.44±0.37)kJ?g1 respectively,the distribution law of them at different stand ages were quite different from component to component with leaves having the highest GCV and AFCV and bark the lowest. The differences among stand ages in GCV of leaves,branches,roots and AFCV of leaves,roots,bark were not significant (P>0.05),but making obvious differences in stemwood and bark’s GCV,branches and stemwood’s AFCV (P<0.05). As to the whole tree,4yearold Eucalyptus grandis×Eucalyptus urophylla had the highest ash content which was 2.76%,while the 2yearold tree had the highest GCV and AFCV which was 19.06 kJ?g1 and 1953 kJ?g1. To whole tree,the differences in ash content and colaric value were not obvious(P>0.05).

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
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更新日期/Last Update: 2011-04-07