我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|本期目录/Table of Contents|

浙江东部地区古村落墙体植物多样性调查(PDF)

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2015年05期
页码:
768
栏目:
生物多样性
出版日期:
2015-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Diversity investigation on the wall plants in the east of Zhejiang Province
文章编号:
1000-3142(2015)05-0768-07
作者:
吴 玲1 葛亚英2 刁怀庆3 曹丽平4 杨金峰4谢园园1 杨金雨露1 赖齐贤4*
1. 浙江农林大学 风景园林与建筑学院, 浙江 临安 311300; 2. 浙江省农业科学院 花卉研究开发中心, 浙江 萧山 311202; 3. 中国美术学院 风景建筑设计研究院, 杭州 310000; 4. 浙江农林大学 农业与食品科学学院, 浙江 临安 311300
Author(s):
WU Ling1 GE Ya-Ying2 DIAO Huai-Qing3 CAO Li-Ping4 YANG Jin-Feng4 XIE Yuan-Yuan1YANG Jin-Yulu1 LAI Qi-Xian4*
1. School of Landscape and Architecture, Zhejiang A & F University, Lin’an 311300, China; 2. Research & Development center of Flower, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xiaoshan 311202, China; 3. The Design Institute of Landscape & Architecture China Academy of Art, Hangzhou 310000, China; 4. School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Zhejiang A & F University, Lin’an 311300, China
关键词:
浙江省 墙体植物 调查 分布 古村落
Keywords:
Zhejiang Province wall plants investigation distribution ancient village
分类号:
Q949
DOI:
10.11931/guihaia.gxzw201312057
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
植物墙是城市立体绿化的新形式,在景观和生态上都有重要作用,因此在城市中得到广泛应用。为了丰富城市墙体植物材料,该研究对浙江东部地区杭州、宁波、金华6个古村落中不同类型墙体上的墙体植物进行了多样性调查。结果表明:所调查到的墙体植物共有154种,隶属于69科122属,其中蕨类植物11科15属20种,被子植物59科107属134种; 具有较强适应能力的植物主要集中在菊科、蓼科、禾本科、景天科、蔷薇科、葡萄科、大戟科、荨麻科,植物种类分布较为分散; 从植物生活型上分析,草本有96种,藤本21种,灌木21种,乔木16种,草本占大多数; 从墙体植物的分布、耐旱性上分析,生长在阳面墙体植物有45种,生长在阴面有67种,耐旱性植物有43种,喜湿性植物有26种; 从观赏价值上分析,观叶植物有14种,观花植物19种,观果植物5种; 此外,还对墙体植物在垂直绿化的选择应用上提出了建议。
Abstract:
The green wall has been widely applied in the city as a new form of vertical planting in the city for its great importance in the landscape and ecology. But some problems often appeared such as lack of species diversity and inadaptation to the environment. This paper reported the diversity of plants in the rural wall and the city green wall,and the aim is to enrich the plant species diversity in the city green wall. This paper reported the study on plant diversity in different kinds of vertical walls by the means of field investigation in six ancient villages in Hangzhou,Ningbo and Jinhua in the east of Zhejiang Province from July 19th to August 6th. The results showed that there were 154 species on the wall,belonging to 122 genera in 69 families,in which the ferns consisted of 20 species belonging to 15 genera in 11 families and the angiosperm consisted of 134 species belonging to 107 genera in 59 families. Most of the wall plants were herbs and it mainly concentrated on Compositae, Polygonaceae, Gramineae, Crassulaceae, Rosaceae,Vitaceae,Euphorbiaceae and Urticaceae,with strong adaptability. Based on the growth types of plants,the main plant species included 107 species of herbs,25 species of liana,24 species of shrubs,18 species of arbors. In addition,the statistics and results obtained from intensive analyses at different levels revealed that there were 45 kinds of plants which only growed in exposed halves and 67 kinds only in shaded halves respectively. On the other hand, there were 43 kinds with strong drought-enduring plants and 26 kinds of hygrophilous plants. And the analysis of the ornamental values of wall plants indicated that there were 14 kinds of foliage plants,19 kinds of flowering plants,5 kinds of ornamental fruit plants. At last, some suggestions about how to use the wall plants in vertical greening wall were put forward in the end.

参考文献/References

He XB(贺晓波),Lai QX(赖齐贤),Yu HL(于红丽),et al. 2012. Plant design of plant curtain wall at the slope of sports park in Chongqing(重庆市体育公园边坡植物幕墙绿化中的植物设计)[J]. Mod Lands Archit(现代园林),9(10):16-20
Jim CY. 1998. Old stone walls as an ecological habitat for urban trees in Hong Kong[J]. Landsc Urban Plann,42:29-43
Lai QX(赖齐贤),Bao ZY(包志毅),et al. 2009a. Plant wall and production methods(植物幕墙及其制作方法):China(中国),200910502895.X[P]. 2009-09-18 Lai QX(赖齐贤),Bao ZY(包志毅),et al. 2009b. Plant curtain wall matrix cloth(植物幕墙基质布):China(中国),200920196999.6 [P]. 2009-09-18 Lei ZX(雷泽湘),Fei YJ(费永俊),Chen ZY(陈中义),et al. 1997. A catalogue of wild angiosperm in Jingzhou ancient city wall Ⅰ herb and liana plant(continuation)(荆州古城墙野生被子植物名录Ⅰ草本和藤本植物)[J]. J Hubei Agric Coll(湖北农学院学报),17(1):33-35
Lei ZX(雷泽湘),Fei YJ(费永俊),Cheng ZY(陈中义),et al. 1996. Species list of wild vascular plants in old circumvallation of Jingzhou(荆州古城墙野生被子植物名录)[J]. J Hubei Agric Coll(湖北农学院学报),16(4):276-279
Li L(李立). 2007. The study of Nanjing City walls protection(南京明城墙保护研究][D]. Nanjing(南京): Nanjing Agrieultural University(南京农业大学) Robert A Francis. 2010. Wall ecology:A frontier for urban biodiversity and ecological engineering[J]. Progr Phys Geogr,35(1):43-63
Wang Y(王燕). 2010. Study on vascular plant diversity and their dispersal mechanisms on the vertical surfaces of Nanjing Ming Dynasty city wall(南京明城墙垂直墙体上维管植物多样性及传播机制研究)[D]. Nanjing(南京):Nanjing Agrieultural University(南京农业大学) Xie LS(谢良生),Wang FG(王发国),Xing FW(邢福武),et al. 2008. Study on resources, and utilization of plants of building metope in the Pearl River Delta region(珠江三角洲城市墙壁植物资源及其应用)[J]. Ecol Environ(生态环境),17(2):807-811
Xue K(薛垲),Chen W(陈薇). 2010. The protection of the vegetation related the city wall of the Ming Dynasty in Nanjing(南京明城墙保护及其相关植物)[J]. Archit & Cult(建筑与文化),2:92-95
Zhou CY(周存宇),Li N(李妮),Yang CD(杨朝东). 2008. The comparison of the species diversity of plant community between the north and south sections of the ancient wall in Jingzhou(荆州古城墙南北段植物群落物种多样性比较)[J]. J Hubei Univ Nat:Nat Sci Ed(湖北民族学院学报·自然科学版),26(2):209-211
Zou X(邹歆). 2011. Discussion on the protection of Guangzhou City wall on Yuexiu Hill [广州古城墙(越秀山段)保护初探][D]. Guangzhou(广州):South China University Technology(华南理工大学) Agric Sci(河南农业科学),(9):69-71
Liu JX(刘俊祥),Xu XQ(许新桥),Qian YQ(钱永强),et al. 2013. Responses of antioxidative enzymes and phytochelatins in Lolium perenne to Cd2+ stress(多年生黑麦草抗氧化酶和植物络合素对Cd2+胁迫的应答)[J]. Sin J Acta Ecol(生态学杂志),32(7):1 787-1 793
Ma BY(马博英). 2010. Research advances in stress physiological adaptation of perennial ryegrass(多年生黑麦草的逆境生理研究进展)[J]. J Biol(生物学杂志),27(2):58-61
Ma DM(麻冬梅),Guo LN(郭林娜),Jin FX(金凤霞),et al.2014. Establishment and optimization of multi-genetic transformation system of perennial ryegrass(多年生黑麦草多基因遗传转化体系的建立与优化)[J]. Sin J Grassl(中国草地学报),36(1):3-17
Olesen A,Andersen SB,Due IK. 1988. Anther culture response in perennial ryegrass(Lolium perenne L.)[J].Plant Breeding,101(1):60-65 Perez-Vicente R,Wen XD,Wang ZY,et al. 1993. Culture of vegetative and floral meristems in ryegrasses: potential targets for microballistic transformation[J]. J Plant Physiol,142(5):610-617
Xu YD(徐远东),Diao B(刁兵),Fan Y(范彦),et al. 2008. Study on influencing factors of callus induction for Lolium perenne L.(黑麦草愈伤组织诱导影响因素研究)[J]. J Forage Fee(牧草与饲料),2(4):31-34,43
Yang FP(杨风萍),Liang RQ(梁荣奇),Zhang QL(张立全),et al. 2006. Perennial ryegrass transformed with the adversity-resistant transcription factor DREB1B gene(抗逆调节转录因子DREB1B基因转化多年生黑麦草的研究)[J]. Acta Bot Boreal-Occident Sin(西北植物学报),26(7):1 309-1 315
Yang R(杨茹),Yuan QH(袁庆华),Cao ZZ(曹致中),et al. 2008. Effect of different explants on callus induction and differentiation of perennial ryegrass(2,4-D和BA对黑麦草不同外植体愈伤组织诱导与分化的影响)[J]. Sin J Grassl(中国草地学报),30(4):34-39
Yang R(杨茹). 2008. Estahiishment of regeneration system of perennial ryegrass and agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation with AVPI(多年生黑麦草再生体系的建立及农杆菌介导AVPI基因的导入)[D]. Lanzhou(兰州):Gansu Agricultural University(甘肃农业大学):27 Yu B(余斌). 2009. Establishment of regeneration system and high-efficiency genetic transformation system by agrobacterium-mediated of Lolium perenne(多年生黑麦草离体再生体系及农杆菌介导的高效遗传转化体系的建立)[D]. Lanzhou(兰州):Gansu Agricultural University(甘肃农业大学):21-22,30
Zeng SJ,Bian JC,Fang Z,et al. 2009. Callus induction and plant regeneration from mature seeds of perennial ryegrass[J]. Agric Sci Technol,10(6):33-36
Zhen RN(郑若男),Ruan YL(阮以勒),Zhen SS(郑双双),et al. 2013. Establishment of tissue regeneration system of Lolium multiflorum L.(原种黑麦草组培再生体系建立初探)[J]. J Anhui Agric Sci(安徽农业科学),41(15):6 608-6 610

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2014-08-26修回日期: 2014-12-25
基金项目: 浙江省创意农业工程技术研究中心项目(2013E10037)
作者简介: 吴玲(1988-),女,江苏丹阳人,硕士,研究方向为园林植物与观赏园艺,(E-mail)linga.88@163.com。 *通讯作者: 赖齐贤,博士,教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为特种空间园林绿化技术、观赏植物资源及利用等,(E-mail)laiqixian@zafu.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-09-15