我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|本期目录/Table of Contents|

不同基因型甘蔗种质资源的表型遗传多样性(英文)
(PDF)

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2015年04期
页码:
556-563
栏目:
生物多样性
出版日期:
2015-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Phenotypic and genetic diversity of sugarcane ( Saccharum L. )protospecies and landraces
作者:
杨翠凤1张春雅1杨丽涛12李杨瑞2*
1. 广西大学农学院/亚热带农业生物资源保护与利用国家重点实验室, 南宁 530005; 2. 中国农业科学院甘蔗研究中心/农业部广西甘蔗生物技术与遗传改良重点实验室/广西农业科学院/ 广西甘蔗遗传改良重点实验室, 南宁 530007
Author(s):
YANG Cui-Feng1 ZHANG Chun-Ya1 YANG Li-Tao12 LI Yang-Rui2*
1. Agricultural College/State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bioresources, Guangxi University, Nanning 530005, China; 2. Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement(Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture/Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences/ Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Nanning 530007, China
关键词:
甘蔗 数量性状 遗传多样性 因子分析
Keywords:
sugarcane quantitative traits genetic diversity factor analysis
分类号:
Q944, Q945.4
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
为探明甘蔗原种和地方种的遗传多样性和亲缘关系,以期筛选出优良甘蔗种质和优良杂交亲本。该研究对18份甘蔗原种和地方种的14个数量性状进行了表型遗传多样性分析。结果表明:通过14个数量性状的变异系数(coefficient of variance,CV)和性状之间的相关分析,18份甘蔗原种和地方种的数量性状遗传变异主要来自甘蔗蔗糖分、单茎重、叶宽、茎径和纤维分; 对14个数量性状进行主成分分析提取获得了4个主成分因子,分别命名为“品质因子”、“生长因子”、“成熟度因子”和“光合因子”,主成分因子累积贡献率达83.482%; 进一步通过对主成分因子开展综合评价分析,获得数量性状综合表型高于平均水平的10份材料,依次为Sampana→甜圪塔→合庆草甘蔗→桂林竹蔗→坦桑尼亚→芒戈→古芝蔗→大岛再来→托江红→春尼; 聚类分析基于不同的遗传距离可将18份种质聚为5个类别,潜在的优良杂交组合是Sampana和甜圪塔或Sampana和合庆草甘蔗,表明在甘蔗遗传育种亲本选择上既要考虑各性状主要因子的互补,又要保持一定的遗传距离。该研究认为,在甘蔗育种工作中,利用因子分析法进行表型遗传多样性分析,将更加有助于亲本和杂交组合的选择。
Abstract:
In order to explore genetic diversity and relationship among different sugarcane species,select excellent sugarcane germplasm and parental combination for hybridization,the present study was conducted for genetic diversity analysis using 18 genotypes of protospecies and landraces of sugarcane(Saccharum spp.)with 14 quantitative traits. The results showed that the phenotypic and genetic diversity of sugarcane was highly significant in sucrose% cane,stalk weight,leaf width,stalk diameter and fiber% cane by coefficient of variation and correlation analysis of 14 quantitative traits. Four principal components of quantitative traits named quality factor,growth factor,maturity factor and photosynthetic factor,respectively,were extracted from principal component analysis, and the cumulative contribution rate of four principal components was 83.48%. Ten desirable genotypes of sugarcane had higher values of quantitative traits than the averages in factor analysis in turn as follows:Sampana→Tiangeda→Heqingcao Ganzhe→Guilin Zhuzhe→Tanzania→Mango→Guzhizhe→Dadaozailai→Tuojianghong→Chunnee. The 18 accessions could be divided into five clusters based on the genetic distance,and potential hybrid may be developed by crossing Sampana with Tiangeda and/or Sampana with Heqingcao Ganzhe. It suggested that we should not only consider the complementary of main traits,but also genetic distance when we select parents for crossing in sugarcane breeding. The present study proved that factor analysis was good to help the parental selection and determine crossing combinations in sugarcane breeding program.

参考文献/References

Alonso-Pippo W,Luengo CA,Alberteris LAM,et al. 2013. Practical implementation of liquid biofuels:the transferability of the Brazilian experiences[J]. Energy Policy,60:70-80
Ahmed AO,Obeid A. 2012. Investigation on variability,broad sensed heritability and genetic advance in sugarcane(Saccharum spp.)[J]. Int J Agric Sci,2(9):839-844
Arain MY,Panhwar RN,Gujar N,et al. 2011. Evaluation of new candidate sugarcane varieties for some qualitative and quantitative traits under Thatta agro-climatic conditions[J]. Anim & Plant Sci,21(2):226-230
Ahmed AO,Obeid A,Dafallah B. 2010. The influence of characters association on behavior of sugarcane genotypes(Saccharum Spp)for cane yield and juice quality[J]. World J Agric Sci,6(2):207-211
Bhat SR,Gill BS. 1985. The implication of 2n egg gametes in nobilisation and breeding of sugarcane[J]. Euphytica,34:377-384
Brown JS,Schnell RJ,Tai PYP,et al. 2002. Phenotypic evaluation of Saccharum barberi,S. robustum, and S. sinense germplasm from the Miami,FL,USA world collection[J]. Sugar Cane Intern,9:3-16
Cuadrado A,Acevedo R,Moreno DES, et al. 2004. Genome remodeling in three modern S. offcinarum,S. spontaneum sugarcane cultivars[J]. J Exp Bot 55(398):847-854
Cordiero GM,Pan YB,Henry RJ. 2003. Sugarcane microsatellite for the assessment of genetic diversity in sugarcane Germplasm[J]. Plant Sci,165:181-189
Cai Q,Fang YH.2006. Sugarcane Germplasm Resource Description Standard and Data Standard[M]. Beijing:China Agriculture Press,7:7-40
Chaudhary RR. 2001. Genetic variability and heritability in sugarcane[J]. Nepal Agric Res J,4 & 5:56-59
D’ Hont A,Grivet L,Feldman P, et al. 1996. Characterisation of the double genome structure of modern sugarcane cultivars(Saccharum spp.)by molecular cytogenetics[J]. Mol Gen Genet,250:405-413
D’Hont A,Paulet F,Glaszmann JC. 2002. Oligoclonal inter-specific origin of ‘North Indian’ and ‘Chinese’ sugarcanes[J]. Chrom Res,10:253-262
D’Hont A. 2005. Unraveling the genome structure of polyploids using FISH and GISH; examples of sugarcane and banana[J]. Cytogene Gen Res,109:27-33
Demey JR,Zambrano AY,Fuenmayor F, et al. 2003. Relación entre caracterizaciones moleculary morfologica en una colección de yuca[J]. Interciencia, 28(12):684-689
Doule RB,Balasundaram N. 1997. Variability,heritability and genetic advance for yield and quality attributes in sugarcane[J]. In Sugar, 47(7):499-502
Durrishahwar,Noor M,Hidayat-ur-Rahman, et al. 2012. Characterization of sorghum germplasm for various morphological and fodder yield parameters[J]. Afr J Biotechnol,11(56):11 952-11 959
EL-Geddaway IH,Darwesh DG,El-Sherbiny AA,et al. 2002. Effect of row spacing and number of buds/seed setts on growth characters of ratoon crops for some sugarcane varieties[J]. Pak Sugar J,17:7-14
El-Geddawi IH,Nasr SM,Abo-Douh AM. 1992. Factor analysis of yield components of sugar cane[J]. Pak Sugar J,3:11-14
Faivre-Rampant O,Bruschi G,Abbruscato P,et al. 2011. Assessment of genetic diversity in Italian rice germplasm related to agronomic traits and blast resistance(Magnaporthe oryzae)[J]. Mol Breed,27:233-246
Ha S,Moore P,Heinz D,et al. 1999. Quantitative chromosome map of the polyploid Saccharum spontaneum by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization and imaging methods[J]. Plant Mol Biol,39:1 165-1 173
Hemaprabha G,Natarajan US,Balasundaram N,et al. 2006. STMS based genetic divergence among common parents and its use in identifying productive cross combinations for varietal evolution in sugarcane(Saccharum spp.)[J]. Sugarc Intern,24(6):22-27
Hussain K,Nisar MF,Nawaz K,et al. 2010. Morphological traits vs. genetic diversity:reliable basis for sugarcane varieties identification[J]. The BIOL(E-J. Life Sci),1(2):41-43
Irvine JE. 1999. Saccharum species as horticultural classes[J]. Theor & Appl Genet,98:186-194.Iiyas MK,Khan FA. 2010. Determining sucrose recovery in Saccarum officinarum L. using regression and correlation analyses[J]. Afr J Biotechnol,9(20):2 985-2 988
Khan IA,Bibi S,Yasmin S,et al. 2012. Correlation studies of agrononmic traits for higher sugar yield in sugarcane[J]. Pak J Bot,44(3):969-971
Khan FA,Iqbal MY,Sultan M. 2007. Morphogenetic behaviour of some agronomic traits of sugarcane(Saccharum officinarum L.)[J]. Pak J Agric Sci,44(4):600-603
Kadian SP,Chander K,Sabharwal PS. 1997. Genetic variability and heritability in sugarcane[J]. Ind Sugar,46(12):973-975
Kashif M,Khan FA. 2007. Divergence in sugarcane(Saccharum officinarum L.)based on yield and quality traits[J]. Pak J Bot,39(5):1 559-1 563
Keerio HK,Panhwar RN,Memon YM,et al. 2003. Qualitative and quantitative performance of some promising and commercial sugarcane varieties under agro-climatic conditions of Thatta[J]. Pakistan J Appl Sci,3(10-12):670-673
Lavanya DL,Hemaprabha G. 2010. Analysis of genetic diversity among high sucrose genotypes of sugarcane(Saccharum spp.)derived from CoC 671 using sugarcane specific microsatellite markers[J]. Electr J Plant Breed,1(4):399-406
Li L,Liu T,Liu B,et al. 2010. Northern Tianshan Arabidopsis thaliana natural population phenotypic change environment depend on the characteristics[J]. Plant Acta Ecol Sin, 34(11):1 310-1 331
Liu XL,Ma L,Cai Q, et al. 2010. Yunnan sugarcane varieties phenotypic traits analysis of genetic diversity[J]. J Plant Gene Resour,11(6):703-708
Liu XL,Ma L,Cai Q, et al. 2010. Sugarcane varieties resources phenotypic genetic diversity[J]. Biodiversity,18(1):37-43
Li YR. 2010. Modern Sugarcane Science[M]. Beijing:China Agriculture Press,6:1-125Mahmood T,Nazir MS,Ashfaq M, et al. 1990. Correlation in sugarcane[J]. J Agric Res,28:359-363
Miransari M,Habibi M,Naji AM,et al. 2011. Genetic diversity of wheat(Triticum aestivum L.)genotypes based on cluster and principal component analyses for breeding strategies[J]. Austr J Crop Sci, 5(1):17-24
Prabu G,Kawar PG,Pagariya MC, et al. 2011. Identification of water deficit stress upregulated genes in sugarcane[J]. Plant Mol Biol Rep,29:291-304
Perera MF,Arias ME,Costilla D,et al. 2012. Genetic diversity assessment and genotype identification in sugarcane based on DNA markers and morphological traits[J]. Euphytica,185(10):491-510
Petrasovits LA,Purnell MP,Nielsen LK,et al. 2007. Production of poly hydroxy butyrate in sugarcane[J]. Plant Biotechnol J,5:162-172

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2014-08-20 修回日期: 2014-11-10
基金项目: 国家“863”计划课题(2013AA102604); 国家国际合作项目(2009DFA30820,0S2013ZR0130); 广西自然科学基金(2011GXNSFF018002); 广西科学研究与技术开发计划项目(桂科产1123008-1); 广西农科院团队项目(桂农科2011YT01)。
作者简介: 杨翠凤,女,博士研究生,广西桂林人,研究方向为甘蔗生理生化与分子生物学,(E-mail)yangcuifeng1988@163.com。*通讯作者: 李杨瑞,教授,主要从事甘蔗研究,(E-mail)liyr@gxaas.net。
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-07-20