我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|本期目录/Table of Contents|

中国-喜马拉雅植物亚区特有物种江孜乌头的分类学订正(PDF)

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2015年04期
页码:
468-470
栏目:
系统与进化
出版日期:
2015-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Taxonomic revision of Sino-Himalayan endemic Aconitum ludlowii Exell(Ranunculaceae)
作者:
熊安东1 赵志礼1* 嘎 务2
1. 上海中医药大学 中药学院, 上海 201203; 2. 西藏藏医学院, 拉萨 850000
Author(s):
XIONG An-Dong1 ZHAO Zhi-Li1* GAAWE Dorje2
1. Department of Pharmacognosy, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China; 2. Tibetan Traditional Medical College, Lhasa 850000, China
关键词:
江孜乌头 毛茛科 中国-喜马拉雅植物亚区 分类学订正 西藏
Keywords:
Aconitum ludlowii Exell Ranunculaceae Sino-Himalayan subregion taxonomic revision Tibet
分类号:
Q949
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
中国-喜马拉雅植物亚区不仅是乌头属植物地理分布的频度中心、多样性中心,原始类群的保存中心、分化中心,而且是特有类群的分布中心。作为该亚区特有物种之一的江孜乌头(Aconitum ludlowii Exell),是Arthur Wallis Exell于1926年根据采自我国西藏江孜的标本发表的新种。其繁殖器官特征及地理分布特点均与原始文献记载(狭域种)不尽一致。为此,对其做分类学修订。该研究应用经典植物分类学方法,进行野外考察、标本采集与鉴定,查阅中国科学院植物研究所植物标本馆(PE)的相关标本并进行形态学观察比较。结果表明:该物种不同标本心皮从无毛、近无毛至被毛,呈现一连续过渡情况。因此,考虑将心皮被毛一类不作为新分类群处理,只在以上研究基础上,做如下修订:心皮5,无毛或上部被毛,西藏拉萨、山南地区、那曲地区及日喀则地区均有分布。该研究结果可为国产乌头属植物的整理以及江孜乌头遗传多样性分析和物种保护提供基础资料。
Abstract:
Aconitum(Ranunculaceae)is a large genus with about 400 species, in which 211 species are in China. The Sino-Himalayan subregion is not only the preservation centre of the primitive groups and species, but also an actively differentiating region of the genus. Described by Arthur Wallis Exell in 1926, A. ludlowii Exell is a stenochoric species restricted to Gyantse(Jiangzi County)in the Rikaze Prefecture of the Southwestern Tibet, and its carpels were glabrous. However according to our survey, morphological observations and taxonomic identification of A. ludlowii Exell in Tibet, the actual situation is more complex. Its carpels were glabrous, subglabrous, or pilose. Mozhugongka County and Nimu County of Lhasa, Langkazi County, Cuona County and Naidong County of Shannan Prefecture, Jiangzi County, Nanmulin County and Yadong County of Rikaze Prefecture and Shenzha County of Naqu Prefectureare in Tibet are the main distribution areas of this species. Therefore, a taxonomic revision of the Sino-Himalayan endemic species is provided as follows: Carpellis 5 glabris vel dimidio superiore pilosis haud patentibus.

参考文献/References

Li LQ(李良千). 1988. On distributional features of the genus Aconitum in Sino-Himalayan flora(论中国-喜马拉雅植物亚区乌头属植物地理分布特点)[J]. Acta Phytotax Sin(植物分类学报),26(3):189-204
Exell AW. 1926. Aconitum Ludlowii Exell, sp. nov.(Tibet)[J]. J Bot, 64:218
Li LQ, Yuichi K. 2001. Aconitum [M] //Wu ZY, Raven PH(eds). Flora of China. Beijing: Science Press: 6:149-222
Koranda M,Kerschbaum S,Wanek W,et al. 2007. Physiological responses of bryophytes Thuidium tamariscinum and Hylocomium splendens to increased Nitrogen deposition[J]. Ann Bot,99:161-169
Liu BY(刘滨扬),Liu WQ(刘蔚秋),Lei CY(雷纯义),et al. 2009. Physiological responses of three bryophyte species of south china to simulated nitrogen deposition(三种苔藓植物对模拟N沉降的生理响应)[J]. Chin J Plant Ecol(植物生态学报),33(1):141-149
Liu BY(刘滨扬),Liu WQ(刘蔚秋),Zhang YS(张以顺),et al. 2009. Physiological responses of bryophytes experienced low temperature stress to simulated nitrogen deposition(低温胁迫后苔藓植物对模拟氮沉降条件的生理响应)[J]. Chin J Plant Ecol(植物生态学报),35(3):268-274
Ljiu XY(刘学炎), Xiao HY(肖化云), Liu CQ(刘丛强),et al. 2009. Quantif ication of atmospheric nitrogen deposition at Guiyang area based on nitrogen concentration of epilith icmosses(基于石生藓类氮含量的贵阳地区大气氮沉降)[J]. Acta Ecol Sci(生态学报),29:6 646-6 653
Paulissen MPCP,van der Ven PJM,Dees AJ,et al. 2004. Differential effects of nitrate and ammonium on three fen bryophyte species in relation to pollutant nitrogen input[J]. New Phytol, 164:451-458
Pearce ISK,Woodin SJ,van der Wal R. 2003. Physiological and growth responses of the montane bryophyte Racomitrium lanuginosum to atmospheric nitrogen deposition[J]. New Phytol, 160:145-155
Rovere AE,Calabrese GM. 2011. Moss diversity in degraded environments under restoring in the Lago Puelo National Park(Chubut,Argentina)[J]. Rev Chil Hist Nat,84:571-580
Slavik K,Peterson BJ,Deegan LA,et al. 2004. Long-term responses of the kuparuk river ecosystem to phosphorus fertilization[J]. Ecology,85:939-954
Salemaa M,M?kip?? R,Oksanen J. 2008. Differences in the growth response of three bryophyte species to nitrogen[J]. Environ Poll,152:82-91
Salmane I,Brumelis G. 2008. The importance of the moss layer in sustaining biological diversity of Gamasina mites in coniferous forest soil[J]. Pedobiologia,52:69-76
Schrijver AD,Frenne PD,Ampoorter E,et al. 2011. Cumulative nitrogen input drives species loss in terrestrial ecosystems[J]. Glob Ecol Biogeogr,20:803-816
Stevens CJ,Duprè C,Dorland E,et al. 2010. Nitrogen deposition threatens species richness of grasslands across Europe[J]. Environ Poll,158:2 940-2 945
Vellak K,Paal J,Liira J. 2003. Diversity and distribution pattern of bryophytes and vascular plants in a boreal spruce forest[J]. Silva Fenn,37:3-13
Wang C,Yin LJ,Zhu RL. 2014. The role of soil nitrogen and phosphorus in the distribution of Leucobryum juniperoideum in the Tianmu Mountain National Nature Reserve, Zhejiang,China[J]. Bryologist,117(1): 54-61
Wang XK(王学奎). 2006. Principles and techniques of plant physiological biochemical experiment(植物生理生化实验原理和技术)[M]. Beijing(北京):Higher Education Press(高等教育出版社):278-279
Wu YH(吴玉环),Huang GH(黄国宏),Gao Q(高谦),et al. 2001. Research advance in response and adaptation of bryophytes to environmental change(苔藓植物对环境变化的响应及适应性研究进展)[J]. Chin J Appl Ecol(应用生态学报),12(6):943-946
Zhou JC(周婕成),Shi GT(史贵涛),Chen ZL(陈振楼),et al. 2009. Contamination characteristics of nitrogen in rainwater of Shanghai(上海大气氮湿沉降的污染特征)[J]. Environ Poll Control(环境污染与防治),31(11):30-34

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2014-08-27修回日期: 2014-12-12
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(81173654)
作者简介: 熊安东(1988-),男,江西吉安人,硕士研究生,研究方向为藏药品种鉴定,(E-mail)xiongandong502@163.com。*通讯作者: 赵志礼,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事民族植物学研究,(E-mail)zhilzhao@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-07-20