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中国樱桃种内及与欧洲甜樱桃杂交的初步分析(PDF)

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2015年02期
页码:
227-230
栏目:
遗传与育种
出版日期:
2015-04-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Preliminary study on intraspecific hybridization of Cerasus pseudocerasus and interspecific hybridization with C. avium
文章编号:
1000-3142(2015)02-0227-04
作者:
杜含梅1 王小蓉1 2* 陈 涛1 张洪伟1 杜 涛1
1. 四川农业大学 园艺学院, 成都 625014; 2. 四川农业大学 果蔬研究所, 成都 611130
Author(s):
DU Han-Mei1 WANG Xiao-Rong1 2* CHEN Tao1 ZHANG Hong-Wei1 DU Tao1
1. College of Horticulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Cheng du 625014, China; 2. Institute of Pomology and Olericulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
中国樱桃 欧洲甜樱桃 杂交 亲和性 坐果率
Keywords:
Chinese cherry Cerasus avium hybridization affinity fruit setting percentage
分类号:
Q943; S662.5
DOI:
10.11931/guihaia.gxzw201401004
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
以四川优良的中国樱桃栽培和野生种质及欧洲甜樱桃为试材进行杂交,对自交坐果率、杂交亲和性、杂交坐果率进行了调查和分析。结果表明:(1)中国樱桃自交亲和,欧洲甜樱桃自交不亲和;(2)杂交授粉2周后,各杂交组合表现出较高的杂交亲和性,坐果率为57.24~93.03%; 5周后,各杂交组合表现出不同程度的杂种败育性,远缘杂交尤为明显;(3)在中国樱桃种内杂交中,以野生种质为父本的杂交坐果率极显著高于以栽培品种为父本的杂交坐果率; 而远缘杂交中,以‘红灯’为母本,以中国樱桃栽培品种为父本的杂交坐果率显著高于以中国樱桃野生种质为父本的杂交坐果率;(4)受亲本影响,不同的杂交组合坐果率不同,受父本的影响极显著高于受母本的影响。基于上述结果,该研究进行了初步的分析和讨论。
Abstract:
Hybridization between the excellent Chinese cherry in Sichuan,including wild germplasms and cultivars,and Cerasus avium has been conducted in this study. Selfing set,hybridization affinity and fruit setting percentage were investigated and analysed. The results were listed as follows:(1)There was a high and low self-compatibility in C. pseudocerasus and C. avium,respectively;(2)Each hybridization combination showed high affinity after two weeks of pollination,with 57.24%-93.03% of hybrid fruit setting. Different levels of embryo degeneration were observed among hybrids after five weeks of pollination,especially in the distant hybridization;(3)The fruit setting rate between cultivars and wild germpalsms was significantly higher than between cultivars in interspecific hybridization combinations. While there was an opposite result in distant hybridization,as ‘Hongdeng’ the female parent,the fruit setting rate when using cultivars as male parent was higher than as wild germplasms male;(4)Each cross-combination has different setting percentage influenced significantly by the male parent. We conducted a preliminary analysis and discussion on these results.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2014-04-6修回日期: 2014-06-19
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(31272134); 四川省教育厅重大培育专项(2011A005)。
作者简介: 杜含梅(1988-),女,四川绵阳人,硕士,研究方向为果树种质资源与遗传育种,(E-mail)duhanmei1027@163.com。 *通讯作者: 王小蓉,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为果树种质资源与遗传育种,(E-mail)wangxrtj@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-04-20