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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

盖膜期间沙糖橘果实品质变化规律的研究(PDF)

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2014年04期
页码:
561-564
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2014-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on the changes of Shatangju fruit quality during the period of covering film
文章编号:
1000-3142(2014)04-0561-04
作者:
麦适秋1 梅正敏1 罗世杏1 肖远辉1 王红梅1 廖奎富2 区善汉1* 张社南1
1. 广西特色作物研究所, 广西柑橘生物学重点实验室, 广西 桂林 541004; 2. 阳朔县科技情报研究所, 广西 阳朔 541900
Author(s):
MAI Shi-Qiu1 MEI Zheng-Min1 LUO Shi-Xing1 XIAO Yuan-Hui1 WANG Hong-Mei1 LIAO Kui-Fu2 OU Shan-Han1* ZHANG She-Nan1
1. Guangxi Academy of Specialty Crops, Guangxi Citrus Key Laboratory of Biology, Guilin 541004, China; 2. Yangshuo Science and Technology Information Institute, Yangshuo 541900, China
关键词:
盖膜 沙糖橘 果实品质
Keywords:
cover film Shatangju fruit quality
分类号:
-
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-3142.2014.04.026
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
在果实成熟的1~3月,采样分析盖膜和不盖膜沙糖橘果实品质。结果表明:树冠盖膜后沙糖橘果皮色泽一直保持橘红色,而不盖膜的果皮色泽由前期的橘红色转为后期的橘黄色,且色泽暗淡; 盖膜处理果实的酸含量在开始的20 d内呈上升趋势,1月28日出现最高值0.31%,此后的10 d内迅速下降至低于对照的水平,2月7日出现最低值,此后的20 d内上升高于对照,之后又下降至3月15日的0.19%; 对照果实的酸含量呈现明显的下降趋势,1月7日出现最高值为0.26%,3月15日出现最低值为0.08%,盖膜处理果实的酸含量在大多数时间内高于对照; 盖膜处理果实的可溶性固形物含量从1月17日的12.33%提高到3月15日的13.40%,提高了1.07个百分点,总体呈上升趋势,而对照的从1月17日的10.70%下降至3月15日的9.90%,下降了0.80个百分点,总体呈下降趋势。
Abstract:
In the fruit ripping time from January to March,samples of Shatangju fruit from both covering film and uncovering film had been taken to analyze the quality. The results showed that Shatangju peel had been keeping orange red color after covering film,while the Shatangju peel of uncovering film was orange red color in the early,then it changed to orange yellow color and the color was dark in the late. The acid content of the fruit on film-covered showed a rising trend in the beginning 20 days,and highest was 0.31% on January 28. It rapid felled below the contrast level in the following 10 days and lowest was on February 7. It rose above the contrast level in the following 20 days. Then it felled to 0.19% on March 15. The acid content of the contrast fruit was obvious downward trend. The highest of acid content was 0.26% on January 7 and lowest was 0.08% on March 15. The acid content of covering film was higher than the contrast in the most time. The TSS content of the fruit on film-covered was rising from 12.33% on January 17 to 13.40% on March 15,increased by 1.07%. It showed an increasing tendency overall. But the TSS content of the contrast was falling from 10.70% on January 17 to 9.90% on March 15,fell by 0.80%. It was downward trend overall.In the fruit ripping time from January to March,samples of Shatangju fruit from both covering film and uncovering film had been taken to analyze the quality. The results showed that Shatangju peel had been keeping orange red color after covering film,while the Shatangju peel of uncovering film was orange red color in the early,then it changed to orange yellow color and the color was dark in the late. The acid content of the fruit on film-covered showed a rising trend in the beginning 20 days,and highest was 0.31% on January 28. It rapid felled below the contrast level in the following 10 days and lowest was on February 7. It rose above the contrast level in the following 20 days. Then it felled to 0.19% on March 15. The acid content of the contrast fruit was obvious downward trend. The highest of acid content was 0.26% on January 7 and lowest was 0.08% on March 15. The acid content of covering film was higher than the contrast in the most time. The TSS content of the fruit on film-covered was rising from 12.33% on January 17 to 13.40% on March 15,increased by 1.07%. It showed an increasing tendency overall. But the TSS content of the contrast was falling from 10.70% on January 17 to 9.90% on March 15,fell by 0.80%. It was downward trend overall.

参考文献/References

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Chun CP(淳长品),Peng LZ(彭良志),Jiang CL(江才伦),et al. 2004. Change of physical and chemical property in Jingcheng fruit during on the tree storage(锦橙果实留树贮藏期间理化性状的变化). South Chin Fruits(中国南方果树),33(6):22-23
Fang B(方波),Peng SA(彭抒昂),Sheng WL(盛文磊),et al. 2009. Fruit quality change of delayed harvested citrus under protected cultivation(温州蜜柑设施延迟栽培条件下的果实品质变化[J]. Hubei Agric Sci(湖北农业科学),48(10):2 469-2 473
Guo LL(郭琳琳),Liu Q(刘庆),Yi HL(伊华林). 2007. Effect of two fresh-keeping methods on flavor and color quality in Navel orange fruit(2种保鲜方法对脐橙果实风味和色泽变化的影响)[J]. J Fruit Sci(果树学报),24(6):792-795
Huang YH(黄永红),Zeng JW(曾继吾),Zhou BR(周碧容),et al. 2009. Effect of rain shelter cultivation on Longmen Nianju(Citrus reticulate Blanco)Fruit qualities during on the tree storage(避雨栽培对‘龙门年橘’留树保鲜期间果实品质的影响)[J]. Acta Hortic Sin(园艺学报),36(7):1 049-1 054
HuttonRJ,Landsberg JJ. 2000. Temperature sums experienced before harvest partially determine the post-maturation juicing quality of oranges grown in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Areas(MIA)of new South Wales[J]. J Sci Food Agric,80(2):275
Liang GS(梁关生),Mai GR(麦国荣),Zhu JM(朱捷梅). 2011. Study on the effect of Shatangju Fruit covring film during on the tree storage(薄膜覆盖对沙糖橘果实留树保鲜的效果研究)[J]. Guangdong Agric Sci(广东农业科学),(2):91-92
Mei ZM(梅正敏),Xiao YH(肖远辉),Mai SQ(麦适秋),et al. 2012. Changes of soil moisture and fruit quality of Kumquats by covering film on the crown(树冠盖膜留树贮藏金柑树盘土壤水分及果实品质的变化)[J]. South Chin Fruits(中国南方果树),41(1):11-13
Shi XG(石学根),Shen GX(沈光献). 2003. The occurrence and prevented of Satsuma Mandarin fruit puffiness(温州蜜柑果实浮皮的发生及其预防)[J]. Zhejiang Citrus(浙江柑橘),20(2):17-18
Wang MZ(王明召),Mong JS(莫健生),Tang YL(唐燕玲),et al. 2011. The preliminary investigation on the impact of Shatangju for covering film in the winter(冬季薄膜覆盖对沙糖橘影响的初步调查)[J]. Southern Hortic(南方园艺),22(1):24-25
Zen L(曾朗),Cai BL(蔡柏龄),Zhu XY(朱晓云),et al. 2004. study on techniques of Nanfengmiju under protected cultivation(南丰蜜橘设施栽培技术研究)[J]. South Chin Fruits(中国南方果树),33(5):13-14Cao LZ(曹丽玲),Wei BQ(韦邦清),Li HH(李宏辉),et al. 2010. Cultivation techniques of rain and cold shelter on Shatangju in yongfu(永福县沙糖橘避雨避寒栽培技术)[J]. Southern Hortic(南方园艺),21(3):21,24
Chun CP(淳长品),Peng LZ(彭良志),Jiang CL(江才伦),et al. 2004. Change of physical and chemical property in Jingcheng fruit during on the tree storage(锦橙果实留树贮藏期间理化性状的变化). South Chin Fruits(中国南方果树),33(6):22-23
Fang B(方波),Peng SA(彭抒昂),Sheng WL(盛文磊),et al. 2009. Fruit quality change of delayed harvested citrus under protected cultivation(温州蜜柑设施延迟栽培条件下的果实品质变化[J]. Hubei Agric Sci(湖北农业科学),48(10):2 469-2 473
Guo LL(郭琳琳),Liu Q(刘庆),Yi HL(伊华林). 2007. Effect of two fresh-keeping methods on flavor and color quality in Navel orange fruit(2种保鲜方法对脐橙果实风味和色泽变化的影响)[J]. J Fruit Sci(果树学报),24(6):792-795
Huang YH(黄永红),Zeng JW(曾继吾),Zhou BR(周碧容),et al. 2009. Effect of rain shelter cultivation on Longmen Nianju(Citrus reticulate Blanco)Fruit qualities during on the tree storage(避雨栽培对‘龙门年橘’留树保鲜期间果实品质的影响)[J]. Acta Hortic Sin(园艺学报),36(7):1 049-1 054
HuttonRJ,Landsberg JJ. 2000. Temperature sums experienced before harvest partially determine the post-maturation juicing quality of oranges grown in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Areas(MIA)of new South Wales[J]. J Sci Food Agric,80(2):275
Liang GS(梁关生),Mai GR(麦国荣),Zhu JM(朱捷梅). 2011. Study on the effect of Shatangju Fruit covring film during on the tree storage(薄膜覆盖对沙糖橘果实留树保鲜的效果研究)[J]. Guangdong Agric Sci(广东农业科学),(2):91-92
Mei ZM(梅正敏),Xiao YH(肖远辉),Mai SQ(麦适秋),et al. 2012. Changes of soil moisture and fruit quality of Kumquats by covering film on the crown(树冠盖膜留树贮藏金柑树盘土壤水分及果实品质的变化)[J]. South Chin Fruits(中国南方果树),41(1):11-13
Shi XG(石学根),Shen GX(沈光献). 2003. The occurrence and prevented of Satsuma Mandarin fruit puffiness(温州蜜柑果实浮皮的发生及其预防)[J]. Zhejiang Citrus(浙江柑橘),20(2):17-18
Wang MZ(王明召),Mong JS(莫健生),Tang YL(唐燕玲),et al. 2011. The preliminary investigation on the impact of Shatangju for covering film in the winter(冬季薄膜覆盖对沙糖橘影响的初步调查)[J]. Southern Hortic(南方园艺),22(1):24-25
Zen L(曾朗),Cai BL(蔡柏龄),Zhu XY(朱晓云),et al. 2004. study on techniques of Nanfengmiju under protected cultivation(南丰蜜橘设施栽培技术研究)[J]. South Chin Fruits(中国南方果树),33(5):13-14

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2013-11-01
修回日期: 2013-12-22
基金项目: 国家现代农业产业体系(广西柑橘创新团队)项目
作者简介: 麦适秋(1954-),男,广西藤县人,高级农艺师,主要从事柑橘栽培技术研究,(E-mail)5914336@qq.com。 *通讯作者: 区善汉,研究员,主要从事柑橘栽培技术研究工作,(E-mail)osh2008@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-07-20