我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|本期目录/Table of Contents|

腐生植物无叶美冠兰食源性欺骗传粉研究(PDF)

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2014年04期
页码:
541-547
栏目:
系统演化与生物多样性
出版日期:
2014-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Deceptive pollination of a saprophytic Orchid, Eulophia zollingeri
文章编号:
1000-3142(2014)04-0541-07
作者:
张自斌123 杨 媚23 赵秀海1 倪世栋2 杨飞鹏2 陈巧巧2 黄伯高23*
1. 北京林业大学, 北京 100083; 2. 广西雅长兰科植物国家级自然保护区管理局, 广西 百色 533209; 3. 广西雅长兰科植物研究中心, 广西 百色 533209
Author(s):
ZHANG Zi-Bin123 YANG Mei 23 ZHAO Xiu-Hai1 NI Shi-Dong2 YANG Fei-Peng2 CHEN Qiao-Qiao2 HUANG Bo-Gao23*
1. Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China; 2. Administrative Bureau of Yachang Orchid National Nature Reserve, Baise 533209, China; 3. Yachang Orchid Research Center, Baise 533209, China
关键词:
绿彩带蜂 无叶美冠兰 腐生兰 花部特征 食源性欺骗机制
Keywords:
Nomia viridicinctula Eulophia zollingeri saprophytic orchid floral syndrome food-deceptive pollination mechanism
分类号:
Q945,Q948
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-3142.2014.04.022
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
无叶美冠兰是一种典型的腐生兰科植物,为揭示该物种的自然传粉机制,拓展对兰科植物生殖特性的认识,在广西雅长兰科植物国家级自然保护区对其开展了传粉生态学观测研究。结果表明:无叶美冠兰花朵具备高度自交亲和能力,但不存在自动自花授粉机制,必须依赖外部传粉媒介把花粉送到柱头,实现有效传粉; 绿彩带蜂是无叶美冠兰唯一有效传粉昆虫; 传粉昆虫与花朵在与传粉功能相关的关键性状在形态上良好拟合; 绿彩带蜂的访花活动主要发生在3个阶段:8.6%发生在9:00~11:30,80.2%发生在11:30~14:00,11.2%发生在14:00~15:30; 花朵在中午强烈的阳光直射下挥发出香甜的气味。无叶美冠兰花朵主要通过挥发极具诱惑力的香甜气味和唇瓣上黄色的蜜导来诱导绿彩带蜂进入花朵中觅食,传粉昆虫与花朵在与传粉功能相关的关键性状在形态上良好拟合促成有效传粉,绿彩带蜂在整个传粉过程没有获得报酬,是食源性欺骗传粉机制。
Abstract:
Eulophia zollingeri is one typical saprophytic species in Orchidaceae. Pollination biology of saprophytic orchid has been poorly studied. In order to reveal the significant pollination mechanism of E. zollingeri,broaden our knowledge on reproductive biology of saprophytic orchid,the floral biology and visitation of this plant were studied in Yachang Orchid National Nature Reserve,the west of Guangxi Province,China. E. zollingeri flowers were self-compatible but pollinators were required to achieve effective pollination; Nomia viridicinctula Cockerell was the only effective pollinator; Foraging in the flowers mainly occurs in three periods:8.6% in 9:00-11:30 AM,80.2% in 11:30 AM-14:00 PM,11.2% in 14:00-15:30 PM; The flowers volatilize sweet floral fragrance under strong sunshine in the midday. We considered E. zollingeri attracts pollinators into flowers for foraging by the dizzy floral fragrance and bright yellow color in labellum,then the matchable sizes of flowers and the pollinators in functional morphology provides dynamic support for effective pollination. The pollinators received no reward in the whole pollination procedure,it was food-deceptive pollination mechanism.

参考文献/References

Ackerman JD. 1986. Mechanisms and evolution of food-deceptive pollination systems in orchids[M]. Lindleyana,1:108-113
Catling PM. 1990. Auto-pollination in the Orchidaceae[M]. Orchid biology:121-158
Chen XQ(陈心启), Lang KY(郞楷永). 1986. Cephalanthera Calcarata,a new saprophytic orchid from china(硕距头蕊兰—中国发现的一种新腐生兰)[J]. Acta Bot Yunnan(云南植物研究),8(3):271-274
Chen XQ(陈心启), Ji ZH(吉占和), Lang KY(郎楷永),et al. 1999. Flora of China(中国植物志)(18)[M]. Beijing: Science Press(北京:科学出版社):185-186 Cheek M,Ndam N. 1996. Saprophytic flowering plants of Mount Cameroon[M]. The Biodiversity of African Plants:612-617
Peter CI,Johnson SD. 2006. Anther cap retention prevents self-pollination by elaterid beetles in the South African orchid Eulophia foliosa[J]. Ann Bot,97:345-355
Corlett RT,Lafrankie JJV. 1998. Potential impacts of climate change on tropical Asian forests through an influence on phenology[J]. Climatic Change,39:439-453
Cribb PJ,Kell SP,et al. 2003. Orchid Conservation[M]. Kota Kinabalu,Sabah:Natural History Publications:1-24
Darwin C. 1862. On the Various Contrivances by Which British and Foreign Orchids Are Fertilized by Insects,and on the Good Effects of Intercrossing[M]. London:John Murray Dobson HEM,Danielson EM,van Wesep ID. 1999. Pollen odor chemicals as modulators of bumble bee foraging on Rosa rugosa(Rosaceae)[J]. Plant Spec Biol,14:153-166
Gong YB(龚燕兵),Huang SQ(黄双全). 2007. On methodology of foraging behavior of pollinating insects(传粉昆虫行为的研究方法探讨)[J]. Biodiver Sci(生物多样性),15:576-583
He TP(和太平),Peng DR(彭定人),Li DQ(黎德丘),et al. 2007. Study on the orchid diversity of Yachang Nature Reserve in Guangxi(广西雅长自然保护区兰科植物多样性研究)[J]. Guihaia(广西植物),4:590-595
Hiroshi Takahashi,Eiji Nishio,Hirotaka Hayashi. 1993. Pollination biology of the saprophytic species Petrosavia sakurafi(Makino)van Steenis in Central Japan[J]. J Plant Res,106:213-217
Huang CB(黄承标),Chen JL(陈俊连),Feng CL(冯昌林),et al. 2008. Characteristics of climate vertical distribution in Yachang Orchids Nature Reserve(雅长兰科植物自然保护区气候垂直分布特征)[J]. J Northwest For Univ(西北林学院学报),23:39-43
Johnson TR,Stavart SL,Kauth P,et al. 2009. Confronting assumptions about spontaneous autogamy in populations of Eulophia alta(Orchidaceae)in south Florida:assessing the effect of pollination treatments on seed formation,seed germination and seedling development[J]. Bot J Linn Soc,161:78-88
Jones CE,Little RJ. 1983. Handbook of Experiment al Pollination Biology[M]. New York:Van Nost rand Reinhold Knudsen JT,Tollsten L,Bergstrom G. 1993. Floral scents-achecklist of volatile compounds isolated by headspace techniques[J]. Phytochemistry,332:253-280
Li P,Luo YB,Bernhardt P,et al. 2006. Deceptive pollination of the ladys slipper Cypripedium tibeticum(Orchidaceae)[J]. Pl Syst Evol,262:53-63
Piper JG,Charles worth B,Charles worth D. 1984. A high rate of self-fertilization and increased seed fertility of homostyle primroses[J]. Nature,310:50-51
Proctor M,Yeo P,Lack A. 1996. The Natural History of Pollination[M]. Harper Collins:the New Naturalist Library Renner SS. 2006. Rewardless flowers in the Angiosperms and the role of insect cognition in their evolution[M]//Plant-pollinator interaction:From Specialization to Generalization. Chicago:University of Chicago:123-144
Schiestl FP. 2005. On the success of a swindle:pollination by deception in orchids[J]. Naturwissenschaften,92:255-264
Shangguan FZ(上官法智),Cheng J(程瑾),Xiong YX(熊源新),et al. 2008. Deceptive pollination of an autumn flowering orchid Eria coronaria(Orchidaceae)(足茎毛兰的欺骗性传粉研究)[J]. Biodiver Sci(生物多样性),16:477-483
Sun M. 1997. Genetic diversity in three colonizing orchid with contrasting mating systems[J]. Am J Bot,84:224-232
Wu XL(吴兴亮),Pan Y(潘玉),Lian B(连宾),et al. 2007. The ecological distribution of the Macrofungi in Yachang of Guangxi,China(广西雅长兰花自然保护区大型真菌生态分布)[J]. Guizhou Sci(贵州科学),25:35-41
Zhang DX,Richad MK. Saunders. 2000. Reproductive biology of a mycoheterotrophic species,Burmannia wallichii(Burmanniaceae)[J]. Bot J Linnean Soc,132:359-367
Zhang HY(张红玉). 2005. Co-evolution of Entomophilous plants and pollination insects-the adaptation of features of Entomophilous flowers to insect pollination(虫媒植物与传粉昆虫的协同进化二-虫媒花的性状对昆虫传粉的适应)[J]. J Sichuan For Sci & Technol(四川林业科技),6:22-27
Zheng GL,Li P,Robert Pemberton,et al. 2011. Mixed bumblebee and blowfly pollination of Cypripedium flavum(Orchidaceae)in Sichuan,China[J]. Ecol Res,26:453-459
Zhou X,Lin H,Fan XL,et al. 2012. Autonomous self-pollination and insect visitation in a saprophytic orchid,Epipogium roseum[J]. AUS J Bot,60:154-159

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2014-02-21
修回日期: 2014-06-03
基金项目: 国家林业局业务委托项目(2013-LYSJWT-05); 广西林业科技计划资助项目(桂林科字[2014]13号)。
作者简介: 张自斌(1978-),男,广西荔浦人,在读博士,工程师,主要从事植物多样性及兰科植物保育研究,E-mail:candou154@126.com。 *通讯作者: 黄伯高,硕士,工程师,主要从事保护区管理及兰科植物保育研究,Email:hbg6428@126.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-07-20