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施氮量和株行距配置对鲜食糯玉米群体冠层结构和产量的影响(PDF)

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2013年01期
页码:
64
栏目:
植物生态与生物地理学
出版日期:
2013-01-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of nitrogen application and rowspacing on canopy structure and yield of fresh waxy maize
作者:
余海兵1 王金顺2 刘正1 王波1
1.安徽科技学院 植物科学学院, 安徽 凤阳; 2.安徽省黄山市农科所, 安徽 黄山
Author(s):
YU HaiBing1 WANG JinShun2 LIU Zheng1 WANG Bo1
1. College of Plant Science, Anhui Science and Technology University, Fengyang 233100, China; 2.Agricultural Institute of Anhui Huangshan, Huangshan 245011, China
关键词:
施氮量 株行距 糯玉米 冠层结构
Keywords:
nitrogen applicationrow spacingwaxy maize canopy structure
分类号:
S31
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-3142.2013.01.010
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
采取同一密度不同株行距配置和不同施氮量的试验处理,分析栽培措施和施氮量对糯玉米冠层的SPAD值、叶面积指数(LAI)、光合势、茎叶倾角、叶向值、冠层PAR、冠层开度、产量及产量构成要素的影响。结果表明:在同一密度同一行距条件下,冠层SPAD值、叶向值、PAR随着施氮量增加而增加,各处理间差异显著,而叶倾角随着施氮量增加而减小;不同施氮量对冠层开度影响不大,差异不显著,而对糯玉米产量影响差异显著。在授粉后12~18 d,行距70 cm,施氮量为N3,叶面积指数达最大,光合势最强,且较其它生育期差异明显。
Abstract:
With the same density, the influences of nitrogen application and row spacing on population canopy SPAD, LAI, photosynthetic power, angle and value of leaves, PAR, DIFN,yield and yield components were analyzed. The results showed that SPAD, value of leaves, PAR increased with the increasing nitrogen application amount in the same density and row spacing,but all treamts were distinctive. Angle of leaves decreased with the increasing fertilization;the influences of different fertilization amount on DIFN had little effect, and the difference was not significant,but yield of waxy maize was significant. 12-18 d after pollination,LAI was bigger, photosynthetic power was the strongest with the row spacing 70cm and N3 application,and there was obvious differences in other growth periods.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
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更新日期/Last Update: 2013-01-25