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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

桂味荔枝花器官的发生和发育过程研究

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2012年02期
页码:
167
栏目:
系统演化植物学与生物地理学
出版日期:
2012-03-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Floral organogenesis and development of Litchi chinensis Sonn.cv.Guiwei
作者:
许淑珺12 吴林芳1 胡晓颖1 徐信兰1 沈浩1* 叶万辉1
1.中国科学院 华南植物园 植物资源保护与可持续利用重点实验室, 广州 510650; 2.中国科学院 研究生院, 北京 100049
Author(s):
XU ShuJun12 WU LinFang1 HU XiaoYing1 XU XinLan1 SHEN Hao1* YE WanHui1
1.Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China; 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
荔枝 花器官发生 花发育
Keywords:
Litchi chinensis floral organogenesis floral development
分类号:
Q944.58;S667.1
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
利用SV11立体显微镜和JSM6360LV型扫描电镜观察‘桂味’荔枝花器官的发生和发育过程。结果表明:花序原基最先发生,然后形成数个大小不等的单花原基;4个萼片原基的发生不同步,其中一侧对位先发生;6~10枚雄蕊原基以轮状方式几乎同时发生;心皮原基最后发生,2~3枚(稀4枚)心皮原基同时出现,随后进行侧向生长,逐渐合拢形成子房。雌花中,花柱、柱头分化明显,雄蕊退化。雄花中,花丝细长,花药饱满,雌蕊退化或发育不完全。两性花中,雌雄蕊发育完全。花粉粒近球形,具3孔沟,表面为条纹状纹饰。
Abstract:
Floral organogenesis and development of Litchi chinensis Sonn.cv.Guiwei were studied under an SV11 stereomicroscope and JSM6360LV scanning electron microscope. The results showed that the inflorescence primordium was initiated firstly,followed by the formation of several unequal flower primordia. Later,the four sepal primordia were formed asynchronously with the initiation of one of the parapositions preceding the other one. Then,six to ten stamen primordia were initiated in whorls simultaneously. Finally,carpel primordia initiated:two or three(rarely four)carpel primordia appeared simultaneously and closed up gradually to form the ovary. In the female flowers,stigma and style were obviously differentiated and the stamens were degenerative. In the male flowers,the stamens grew normally but the ovary was degenerative. In hermaphrodite flowers,stamens and pistil fully developed. The pollen grains were spherical with three germinal furrows and sculptures are striate.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
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更新日期/Last Update: 2012-03-25