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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

光强对三叶鬼针草生长特征的影响

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2012年01期
页码:
77
栏目:
植物生态学与生物多样性保护
出版日期:
2012-01-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of light intensity on the growth characteristics of Bidens pilosa
作者:
潘玉梅1 刘明超12 唐赛春1* 韦春强1 蒲高忠1 岑艳喜12
1.广西壮族自治区中国科学院 广西植物研究所, 广西 桂林 541006; 2.广西师范大学, 广西 桂林 541004
Author(s):
PAN YuMei1 LIU MingChao12 TANG SaiChun1* WEI ChunQiang1 PU GaoZhong1 Cen YanXi12
1.Guangxi Institute of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guilin 541006, China; 2.Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China
关键词:
三叶鬼针草 形态特征 生物量分配
Keywords:
Bidens pilosa morphology characteristic biomass allocation
分类号:
Q948
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
利用温室盆栽试验,研究了不同光强100%、40%、20%和5%下三叶鬼针草营养生长期和繁殖期的生长特征。结果表明:中度遮荫有利于三叶鬼针草支持结构的生长和营养期的物质积累,重度遮荫下仍能生长良好。在两个生长时期,相对生长速率(RGR)、净同化速率(NAR)均在100%光强下最大,5%光强下最小;总生物量在营养期和繁殖期分别在40%光强和全光照下最大,在3%光强下最小;株高、总叶面积(TLA)、根生物量比(RMR)、根冠比(R/C)、叶生物量比(LMR)、比叶面积(SLA)、叶面积比(LAR)、平均叶面积比(LARm)在3%光强时均大于全光照下的;支持结构生物量比(SBR)在40%光强、20%光强下大于3%光强和全光照处理。这说明三叶鬼针草在形态、生物量分配及生长特性上对光因素具较强的可塑性,这可能是其分布范围广、具有强入侵性的因素之一。
Abstract:
The growth characteristics of invasive species Bidens pilosa in vegetative and reproductive periods under four different relative irradiance 5%,20%,40% and 100% were studied in the green house. The results showed that moderate shading was favorable for the growth of the weed’s supporting organs and biomass accumulation in vegetative period. However,the weed could grow well under severe shading condition. In the two growth periods,the maximum value of RGR and NAR were found under the full exposure and the minimum value under 5% light intensity;The total biomass was the highest under 40% light intensity in vegetative period and under 100% light intensity in reproductive period respectively,and the lowest one was found under 5% light intensity in both periods;The seedling height,TLA,RMR,R/C,LAR,SLA,and the LARm were more higher under 5% light intensity than that under 100% light intensity;The SBR were higher under 40% and 20% light intensity than that under 5%k and 100% light intensity. The results indicated that B.pilosa had strong plasticity to light in morphology,biomass allocation and growth characteristic,which may be one of the reasons why the weed spread extensively and had strong invasiveness

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
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更新日期/Last Update: 2012-01-25